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|Title:||Pro-BDNF knockout causes abnormal motor behaviours and early death in mice|
|Citation:||Neuroscience, 2020; 438:145-157|
|Hua Li, Li-Ying Lin, Yan Zhang, Yoon Lim, Mehreen Rahman, Andrew Beck, Mohammed Al-Hawwas, Shiqing Feng, Larisa Bobrovskaya and Xin-Fu Zhou|
|Abstract:||Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a member of the neurotrophin family, best characterized for its survival and differentiative effects in the central nervous system. Pro-BDNF, known as the precursor of BDNF, is believed to have opposite functions to mature BDNF (mBDNF). The opposing effects of Pro-BDNF and mBDNF have led researchers to propose a 'yin' (Pro-BDNF) and 'yang' (mBDNF) model of which, the specific mechanism of its opposing functions is unclear and requires further investigation. In order to elucidate pro-BDNF's explicit role, we established a pro-BDNF knockout (KO) mouse model. This BDNF pro-domain KO mouse model showed significant weight loss, impaired righting reflex, abnormal motor behaviours and short lifespan (less than 22 days), mimicking a Huntington's disease (HD)-like phenotype. ELISA results showed BDNF pro-domain KO not only blocked pro-BDNF, but also significantly affected the level of mBDNF. Abnormal morphologic changes were found in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus in pro-BDNF KO mice, and western blot confirmed significant cell apoptosis in pro-BDNF KO mice brains. Furthermore, the expression of glutamic acid decarboxylase 65/67 (GAD65/67) was significantly reduced in pro-BDNF KO mice, indicating impaired inhibitory neurotransmission. Heterozygous (Het) mice showed impaired learning and memory capability and depressive-like behaviours, compared with wild type (WT) mice. Overall, these results support that pro-domain of BDNF is an indispensable part of the BDNF gene; without the proper formation of pro-BDNF, mBDNF cannot be produced successfully and function correctly on its own. Our study also supports the BDNF hypothesis in the pathogenesis of HD.|
|Keywords:||BDNF; pro-BDNF; knockout; apoptosis; GAD65/67; Huntington disease|
|Rights:||© 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of IBRO.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 8|
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