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|Title:||Annexin 1 regulates the H₂O₂-induced calcium signature in Arabidopsis thaliana roots|
|Other Titles:||Annexin 1 regulates the H(2)O(2)-induced calcium signature in Arabidopsis thaliana roots|
|Citation:||The Plant Journal, 2014; 77(1):136-145|
|Siân L. Richards, Anuphon Laohavisit, Jennifer C. Mortimer, Lana Shabala Stéphanie M. Swarbreck, Sergey Shabala, Julia M. Davies|
|Abstract:||Hydrogen peroxide is the most stable of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is a regulator of development, immunity and adaptation to stress. It frequently acts by elevating cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt) as a second messenger, with activation of plasma membrane Ca2+‐permeable influx channels as a fundamental part of this process. At the genetic level, to date only the Ca2+‐permeable Stelar K+ Outward Rectifier (SKOR) channel has been identified as being responsive to hydrogen peroxide. We show here that the ROS‐regulated Ca2+ transport protein Annexin 1 in Arabidopsis thaliana (AtANN1) is involved in regulating the root epidermal [Ca2+]cyt response to stress levels of extracellular hydrogen peroxide. Peroxide‐stimulated [Ca2+]cyt elevation (determined using aequorin luminometry) was aberrant in roots and root epidermal protoplasts of the Atann1 knockout mutant. Similarly, peroxide‐stimulated net Ca2+ influx and K+ efflux were aberrant in Atann1 root mature epidermis, determined using extracellular vibrating ion‐selective microelectrodes. Peroxide induction of GSTU1 (Glutathione‐S‐Transferase1 Tau 1), which is known to be [Ca2+]cyt‐dependent was impaired in mutant roots, consistent with a lesion in signalling. Expression of AtANN1 in roots was suppressed by peroxide, consistent with the need to restrict further Ca2+ influx. Differential regulation of annexin expression was evident, with AtANN2 down‐regulation but up‐regulation of AtANN3 and AtANN4. Overall the results point to involvement of AtANN1 in shaping the root peroxide‐induced [Ca2+]cyt signature and downstream signalling.|
|Keywords:||Peroxide; annexin; calcium; root; glutathione; Arabidopsis|
|Rights:||© 2013 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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