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Type: Journal article
Title: The effects of FEC (fluoroethylene carbonate) electrolyte additive on the lithium storage properties of NiO (nickel oxide) nanocuboids
Author: Seng, K.H.
Li, L.
Chen, D.P.
Chen, Z.X.
Wang, X.L.
Liu, H.K.
Guo, Z.P.
Citation: Energy, 2013; 58:707-713
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0360-5442
Statement of
Kuok Hau Seng, Li Li, Da-Peng Chen, Zhi Xin Chen, Xiao-Lin Wang, Hua Kun Liu, Zai Ping Guo
Abstract: Nanocuboid shaped NiO (nickel oxide) has been synthesized using an optical floating zone furnace. It was found that the nanocuboids exhibit single crystalline nature, and have clean and sharp edges. Furthermore, the NiO nanocuboids were tested for their electrochemical performances as anode material for LIBs (lithium-ion batteries) in a coin-type half cell. The effects of FEC (fluoroethylene carbonate) additive on the lithium storage performance were also investigated, which is the first of such studies for transition metal oxides. It was found that FEC has a positive effect on the cycling stability and also improves the rate performances of the nanocuboids. The capacity recorded at 0.1 C (100 mA g−1) after 50 charge/discharge cycles is 1400 mAh g−1. Lastly, the NiO nanocuboids can achieve very high rate capability of 12 C (12 A g−1) with capacity of 312 mAh g−1.
Keywords: Lithium battery; nanocube NiO (nickel oxide); single crystal; vapor–solid
Rights: © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/
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