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Type: Journal article
Title: Enhanced sodium-ion battery performance by structural phase transition from two-dimensional hexagonal-SnS₂ to orthorhombic-SnS
Other Titles: Enhanced sodium-ion battery performance by structural phase transition from two-dimensional hexagonal-SnS(2) to orthorhombic-SnS
Author: Zhou, T.
Pang, W.K.
Zhang, C.
Yang, J.
Chen, Z.
Liu, H.K.
Guo, Z.
Citation: ACS Nano, 2014; 8(8):8323-8333
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1936-0851
Statement of
Tengfei Zhou, Wei Kong Pang, Chaofeng Zhang, Jianping Yang, Zhixin Chen, Hua Kun Liu and Zaiping Guo
Abstract: Structural phase transitions can be used to alter the properties of a material without adding any additional elements and are therefore of significant technological value. It was found that the hexagonal-SnS2 phase can be transformed into the orthorhombic-SnS phase after an annealing step in an argon atmosphere, and the thus transformed SnS shows enhanced sodium-ion storage performance over that of the SnS2, which is attributed to its structural advantages. Here, we provide the first report on a SnS@graphene architecture for application as a sodium-ion battery anode, which is built from two-dimensional SnS and graphene nanosheets as complementary building blocks. The as-prepared SnS@graphene hybrid nanostructured composite delivers an excellent specific capacity of 940 mAh g(-1)and impressive rate capability of 492 and 308 mAh g(-1) after 250 cycles at the current densities of 810 and 7290 mA g(-1), respectively. The performance was found to be much better than those of most reported anode materials for Na-ion batteries. On the basis of combined ex situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and ex situ X-ray diffraction, the formation mechanism of SnS@graphene and the synergistic Na-storage reactions of SnS in the anode are discussed in detail. The SnS experienced a two-structural-phase transformation mechanism (orthorhombic-SnS to cubic-Sn to orthorhombic-Na3.75Sn), while the SnS2 experienced a three-structural-phase transformation mechanism (hexagonal-SnS2 to tetragonal-Sn to orthorhombic-Na3.75Sn) during the sodiation process. The lesser structural changes of SnS during the conversion are expected to lead to good structural stability and excellent cycling stability in its sodium-ion battery performance. These results demonstrate that the SnS@graphene architecture offers unique characteristics suitable for high-performance energy storage application.
Keywords: Sodium-ion battery; NIB; SIB; SnS; SnS2; Sn; graphene; nanosheets; anode
Rights: © 2014 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/nn503582c
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Chemistry and Physics publications

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