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Type: Journal article
Title: Neural correlates of impaired vision in adolescents born extremely preterm and/or extremely low birthweight
Author: Kelly, C.E.
Cheong, J.L.Y.
Molloy, C.
Anderson, P.J.
Lee, K.J.
Burnett, A.C.
Connelly, A.
Doyle, L.W.
Thompson, D.K.
Citation: PLoS One, 2014; 9(3):1-10
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1932-6203
Editor: Ding, Z.
Statement of
Claire E. Kelly, Jeanie L. Y. Cheong, Carly Molloy, Peter J. Anderson, Katherine J. Lee, Alice C. Burnett
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Adolescents born extremely preterm (EP; <28 weeks' gestation) and/or extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1000 g) experience high rates of visual impairments, however the potential neural correlates of visual impairments in EP/ELBW adolescents require further investigation. This study aimed to: 1) compare optic radiation and primary visual cortical structure between EP/ELBW adolescents and normal birthweight controls; 2) investigate associations between perinatal factors and optic radiation and primary visual cortical structure in EP/ELBW adolescents; 3) investigate associations between optic radiation and primary visual cortical structure in EP/ELBW adolescents and the odds of impaired vision. METHODS: 196 EP/ELBW adolescents and 143 controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging at a mean age of 18 years. Optic radiations were delineated using constrained spherical deconvolution based probabilistic tractography. Primary visual cortices were segmented using FreeSurfer software. Diffusion tensor variables and tract volume of the optic radiations, as well as volume, surface area and thickness of the primary visual cortices, were estimated. RESULTS: Axial, radial and mean diffusivities within the optic radiations, and primary visual cortical thickness, were higher in the EP/ELBW adolescents than controls. Within EP/ELBW adolescents, postnatal corticosteroid exposure was associated with altered optic radiation diffusion values and lower tract volume, while decreasing gestational age at birth was associated with increased primary visual cortical volume, area and thickness. Furthermore, decreasing optic radiation fractional anisotropy and tract volume, and increasing optic radiation diffusivity in EP/ELBW adolescents were associated with increased odds of impaired vision, whereas primary visual cortical measures were not associated with the odds of impaired vision. CONCLUSIONS: Optic radiation and primary visual cortical structure are altered in EP/ELBW adolescents compared with controls, with the greatest alterations seen in those exposed to postnatal corticosteroids and those born earliest. Structural alterations to the optic radiations may increase the risk of impaired vision in EP/ELBW adolescents.
Keywords: Victorian Infant Collaborative Study Group
Visual Cortex
Vision Disorders
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight
Infant, Extremely Premature
Rights: © 2014 Kelly et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093188
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Paediatrics publications

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