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Type: Journal article
Title: Directing the selectivity of CO₂ electroreduction to target C₂ products via non-metal doping on Cu surfaces
Other Titles: Directing the selectivity of CO(2) electroreduction to target C(2) products via non-metal doping on Cu surfaces
Author: Zhi, X.
Jiao, Y.
Zheng, Y.
Davey, K.
Qiao, S.-Z.
Citation: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2021; 9(10):6345-6351
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 2050-7488
Statement of
Xing Zhi, Yan Jiao, Yao Zheng, Kenneth Davey and Shi-Zhang Qiao
Abstract: Understanding the late stages of the electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CRR) in the formation of various C2 products provides great opportunities for fully achieving a selective CRR to target products. Here, we report, for the first time, that C2 product (including ethylene, ethane and ethanol) selectivity can be directed by the active site's oxygen affinity on a range of non-metal doped copper surfaces (Cu–X). Through theoretical evaluation of adsorption energetics of key post-C2-coupling intermediates, we demonstrate how branching reaction pathways are competing with each other and how selectivity for different products is achieved. The oxygen affinities of different active sites on Cu–X catalysts, including the dopant atom and Cu sites, are identified as descriptors for C2 product selectivity. The ethylene pathway is shown to be favored on Cu–X surfaces doped with strong oxygen affinity atoms, such as boron. Ethane selectivity is generally boosted by Cu–X, whereas ethanol generation is suppressed by non-metal doping on Cu surfaces. Bader charge analyses of electron distribution on intermediates and electronegativity analyses of non-metal dopant atoms are integrated to identify the impact of intrinsic electronic properties on adsorption behaviour, together with the resultant C2 product selectivity on Cu–X catalysts. Our findings shed light on controlling product selectivity by modulating oxygen affinity in complex electrochemical reactions.
Rights: This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2021
DOI: 10.1039/d0ta11604a
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Chemistry and Physics publications

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