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Type: Journal article
Title: Sequence stratigraphy of the ca. 1730 Ma Wollogorang Formation, McArthur Basin, Australia
Author: Kunzmann, M.
Crombez, V.
Catuneanu, O.
Blaikie, T.N.
Barth, G.
Collins, A.S.
Citation: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2020; 116:104297-1-104297-21
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0264-8172
Statement of
Marcus Kunzmann, Vincent Crombez, Octavian Catuneanu, Teagan N. Blaikie, Gregor Barth, Alan S. Collins
Abstract: The ca. 1730 Ma Wollogorang Formation is a mixed carbonate-siliciclastic unit in the southern McArthur Basin of northern Australia. It is an exploration target for base metals and may be a petroleum source unit and unconventional reservoir. Facies analysis indicates that the Wollogorang Formation records deposition in supratidal to offshore environments. Lateral consistency in facies, thickness, and stratigraphic architecture suggests deposition on an east-west trending (present coordinates) epeiric platform. According to recent tectonic models for northern Australia, this epeiric platform likely deepened to the present-day east. The Wollogorang Formation comprises one second-order and five nested third-order sequences. Despite the unavailability of biostratigraphy and biofacies, and the general poor time control in Precambrian basins, we are able correlate third-order (i.e., our lowest rank) sequences over tens to hundreds of kilometers using high-resolution facies and petrophysical logs. As the distinction between stratigraphic sequences (related to shoreline shifts) and sedimentological bedsets (not related to shoreline shifts) becomes more difficult with decreasing hierarchical level, sedimentological, stratigraphic, paleontological, and mineralogical (including diagenetic) criteria were recently proposed to distinguish these cycles. Our study suggests that sedimentological and stratigraphic criteria are the most useful in Precambrian sequence stratigraphy. In contrast, paleontological criteria are irrelevant in Precambrian successions. Mineralogical (including diagenetic) criteria have not been tested in this study. In addition to further study these criteria, we suggest testing geochemical criteria, such as the enrichment of redox-sensitive trace elements and minor carbonate carbon isotope variation, to distinguish stratigraphic sequences from sedimentological bedsets.
Keywords: Sequence stratigraphy; sequences and bedsets; Precambrian; McArthur Basin; Wollogorang Formation
Rights: Crown Copyright © 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2020.104297
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