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Type: Journal article
Title: Au₁₀₁–rGO nanocomposite: immobilization of phosphine-protected gold nanoclusters on reduced graphene oxide without aggregation
Other Titles: Au(101)–rGO nanocomposite: immobilization of phosphine-protected gold nanoclusters on reduced graphene oxide without aggregation
Author: Mousavi, H.
Yin, Y.
Howard-Fabretto, L.
Sharma, S.K.
Golovko, V.
Andersson, G.G.
Shearer, C.J.
Metha, G.F.
Citation: Nanoscale Advances, 2021; 3(5):1422-1430
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 2516-0230
Statement of
Hanieh Mousavi, Yanting Yin, Liam Howard-Fabretto, Shailendra Kumar Sharma, Vladimir Golovko, Gunther G. Andersson, Cameron J. Shearer and Gregory F. Metha
Abstract: Graphene supported transition metal clusters are of great interest for potential applications, such as catalysis, due to their unique properties. In this work, a simple approach to deposit Au₁₀₁(PPh₃)₂₁Cl₅ (Au₁₀₁NC) on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) via an ex situ method is presented. Reduction of graphene oxide at native pH (pH ≈ 2) to rGO was performed under aqueous hydrothermal conditions. Decoration of rGO sheets with controlled content of 5 wt% Au was accomplished using only pre-synthesised Au₁₀₁NC and rGO as precursors and methanol as solvent. High resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy indicated that the cluster size did not change upon deposition with an average diameter of 1.4 ± 0.4 nm. It was determined that the rGO reduction method was crucial to avoid agglomeration, with rGO reduced at pH ≈ 11 resulting in agglomeration. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to confirm the deposition of Au₁₀₁NCs and show the presence of triphenyl phosphine ligands, which together with attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, advocates that the deposition of Au₁₀₁NCs onto the surface of rGO was facilitated via non-covalent interactions with the phenyl groups of the ligands. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and thermogravimetric analysis were used to determine the gold loading and both agree with a gold loading of ca. 4.8–5 wt%. The presented simple and mild strategy demonstrates that good compatibility between size-specific phosphine protected gold clusters and rGO can prevent aggregation of the metal clusters. This work contributes towards producing an agglomeration-free synthesis of size-specific ligated gold clusters on rGO that could have wide range of applications.
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/d0na00927j
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