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Type: Journal article
Title: Selective approach to preoperative echocardiography in esophageal atresia
Author: Tanny, S.P.T.
King, S.K.
Comella, A.
Hawley, A.
Brooks, J.A.
Hunt, R.W.
Jones, B.
Teague, W.J.
Citation: Pediatric Surgery International, 2021; 37(4):1-7
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0179-0358
Statement of
Sharman P. Tan Tanny, Sebastian K. King, Assia Comella, Alisa Hawley, Jo-Anne Brooks, Rod W. Hunt ... et al.
Abstract: Purpose Preoperative echocardiography is used routinely in neonates with esophageal atresia to identify patients in whom congenital cardiac disease will impact upon anesthetic and surgical decision-making. We aimed to determine the suitability of selective preoperative echocardiography. Methods We performed a single-center retrospective review of neonates with esophageal atresia over 6 years (2010-2015) at our tertiary pediatric institution. Data included preoperative clinical examination, chest x-ray, and echocardiography. Endpoints were cardiovascular, respiratory, radiological, and echocardiography findings. Selective strategies were assessed using sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value.Results We identified 115 neonates with esophageal atresia. All underwent preoperative echocardiography. Cardiac defects were identified in 49/115 (43%) (major 9/115, moderate 4/115). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of abnormal clinical and radiologic assessment for major and moderate cardiac defects were 92%, 25%, 13%, 96%; for clinical examination alone were 92%, 25%, 14%, 96%; for absence of murmur, cyanosis, and abnormal respiratory examination were 92%, 28%, 13%, 97%. Selective strategies reduce echocardiograms performed by 22%. Conclusion Selective strategies allow for identification of neonates with esophageal atresia who may have deferral of echocardiogram unill after surgery. Selection may improve timeliness of care and resource utilization, without compromising patient safety.
Keywords: Congenital heart disease; Echocardiography; Esophageal atresia; Tracheoesophageal fistula
Rights: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021
RMID: 1000035425
DOI: 10.1007/s00383-020-04795-w
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