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Type: Journal article
Title: Engineered graphitic carbon nitride-based photocatalysts for visible-light-driven water splitting: a review
Author: Wang, S.
Zhang, J.
Li, B.
Sun, H.
Wang, S.
Citation: Energy and Fuels, 2021; 35(8):6504-6526
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0887-0624
Statement of
Shuaijun Wang, Jinqiang Zhang, Bin Li, Hongqi Sun, and Shaobin Wang
Abstract: Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C₃N₄), a polymeric semiconductor, has become a rising star for photocatalytic energy conversion because of its facile accessibility, metal-free nature, low cost, and environmentally benign properties. This work reviews the latest progress of g-C₃N₄-based materials in visible-light-driven water splitting to hydrogen. It begins with a brief history of g-C₃N₄, followed by various engineering strategies of g-C₃N₄, such as elemental doping, copolymerization, crystalline tailoring, surface engineering, and single-atom modification, for elevated photocatalytic water decomposition. In addition, the synthesis of g-C₃N₄ in different dimensions (0D, 1D, 2D, and 3D) and configurations of a series of g-C₃N₄-based heterojunctions (type II, Z-scheme, S-scheme, g-C₃N₄/metal, and g-C₃N₄/carbon heterojunctions) were also discussed for their improvement in photocatalytic hydrogen production. Lastly, the challenges and opportunities of g-C₃N₄-based nanomaterials are provided. It is anticipated that this review will promote the further development of the emerging g-C₃N₄-based materials for more efficiency in photocatalytic water splitting to hydrogen.
Rights: © 2021 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.1c00503
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Chemical Engineering publications

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