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Type: Journal article
Title: Cross-modal emotion recognition and autism-like traits in typically developing children
Author: West, M.J.
Angwin, A.J.
Copland, D.A.
Arnott, W.L.
Nelson, N.L.
Citation: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2020; 191:104737-1-104737-13
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0022-0965
Statement of
Melina J. West, Anthony J. Angwin, David A. Copland, Wendy L. Arnott, Nicole L. Nelson
Abstract: The ability to explicitly recognize emotions develops gradually throughout childhood, and children usually have greater difficulty in recognizing emotions from the voice than from the face. However, little is known about how children integrate vocal and facial cues to recognize an emotion, particularly during mid to late childhood. Furthermore, children with an autism spectrum disorder often show a reduced ability to recognize emotions, especially when integrating emotion from multiple modalities. The current preliminary study explored the ability of typically developing children aged 7-9 years to match emotional tones of voice to facial expressions and whether this ability varies according to the level of autism-like traits. Overall, children were the least accurate when matching happy and fearful voices to faces, commonly pairing happy voices with angry faces and fearful voices with sad faces. However, the level of autism-like traits was not associated with matching accuracy. These results suggest that 7- to 9-year-old children have difficulty in integrating vocal and facial emotional expressions but that differences in cross-modal emotion matching in relation to the broader autism phenotype are not evident in this task for this age group with the current sample.
Keywords: Broader autism phenotype
Facial expression
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2019.104737
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Psychology publications

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