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Type: Journal article
Title: Carcinosarcomas of the uterus: prognostic factors and impact of adjuvant treatment
Author: Beckmann, K.
Selva-Nayagam, S.
Olver, I.
Miller, C.
Buckley, E.S.
Powell, K.
Buranyi-Trevarton, D.
Gowda, R.
Roder, D.
Oehler, M.K.
Citation: Cancer Management and Research, 2021; 13:4633-4645
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 1179-1322
Statement of
Kerri Beckmann, Sudarshan Selva-Nayagam, Ian Olver, Caroline Miller, Elizabeth S Buckley, Kate Powell ... et al.
Abstract: Background: Uncertainties remain about the most effective treatment for uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS), a rare but aggressive uterine cancer, due to the limited scope for randomized trials. This study investigates whether nodal excision or adjuvant therapies after hysterectomy offer a survival benefit, using multi-institutional clinical registry data from South Australia. Methods: Data for all consecutive cases of UCS from 1980 to 2019 were extracted from the Clinical Cancer Registry. Clinical and treatment-related factors associated with disease-specific mortality (DSM) and all-cause mortality (ACM) were determined using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression, with subgroup analyses by stage. Results: Median follow-up for the 140 eligible cases was 21 months. 94% underwent hysterectomy, and 72% had an additional pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND). Furthermore, 16% received adjuvant chemotherapy; 11% adjuvant radiotherapy and 16% multimodal chemoradiotherapy, with an increase in the latter two modalities over time. DSM was reduced among those who underwent PLND (HR: 0.41; 95%CI: 0.23-0.74), adjuvant chemotherapy (HR: 0.39; 95%CI: 0.18-0.84) or multimodality treatment (HR: 0.11; 95%CI: 0.06-0.30) compared with hysterectomy alone for the whole cohort and for late stage disease (FIGO III/IV) but not for earlier stage disease, except for reduced DSM with multimodal therapy. Findings were similar for ACM. Conclusion: Our findings indicate better survival among those who received PLND, chemotherapy and multimodal adjuvant therapy, with the latter applying to early and late stage disease. However, cautious interpretation is warranted, due to potential "indication bias" and limited power. Further research into effective treatment modalities, ideally using prospective study designs, is needed.
Keywords: adjuvant chemotherapy
adjuvant radiotherapy
multimodal therapy
uterine carcinosarcoma
Rights: © 2021 Beckmann et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms (
DOI: 10.2147/CMAR.S309551
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