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Type: Conference paper
Title: Yield and photosynthetic rate of wheat under continuously high temperature
Author: Zubaidi, A.
Anugrahwati, D.R.
McDonald, G.K.
Gill, G.
Citation: IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science, 2021, vol.648, iss.1, pp.012126-1-012126-7
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Publisher Place: online
Issue Date: 2021
Series/Report no.: IOP Conference Series-Earth and Environmental Science
ISSN: 1755-1307
Conference Name: International Conference on Sustainable Tropical Land Management (ICSTLM) (16 Sep 2020 - 18 Sep 2020 : virtual online)
Statement of
A Zubaidi, D R Anugrahwati, G K McDonald and G Gill
Abstract: In tropical regions high temperature occurs throughout wheat growth cycle and is a major factor influencing growth and yield in this area. The aim of this work is to describe the responses to continuously-high temperatures on growth, photosynthesis and yield of wheat, under controlled conditions. Nias and Dewata (Indonesian wheat varieties) and Axe and Gladius (Australian varieties) were tested in growth room experiment with temperature and photoperiod chosen to simulate conditions on Lombok Island, at lowland (32/23°C) and highland (28/20°C) sites. The third temperature (25/15°C) was selected to represent temperature in a more temperate wheat-producing area. High temperature reduced yield and dry matter accumulation which was associated with a reduction in photosynthetic rate and stomata conductance and an increase in respiration rate. The reduction in photosynthetic rate at high temperature was not only due to lower stomatal conductance but also non-stomatal effects as mesophyll conductance and quantum yield were lower. Genetic variability in response to heat stress was evident with the Indonesian varieties being more tolerant to high temperatures than Australian varieties. Nias and Dewata produced higher yield and biomass and maintaining higher rates of photosynthesis. Maintaining high photosynthetic rate and high stomata conductance, are important characters in adapting wheat into tropical environment such as Lombok Island.
Rights: Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/648/1/012126
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