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Type: Journal article
Title: COVID-19, alcohol consumption and stockpiling practises in midlife women: repeat surveys during lockdown in Australia and the United Kingdom
Author: Miller, E.R.
Olver, I.N.
Wilson, C.J.
Lunnay, B.
Meyer, S.B.
Foley, K.
Thomas, J.A.
Toson, B.
Ward, P.R.
Citation: Frontiers in Public Health, 2021; 9:1-11
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 2296-2565
Statement of
Emma R. Miller, Ian N. Olver, Carlene J. Wilson, Belinda Lunnay, Samantha B. Meyer, Kristen Foley ... et al.
Abstract: Introduction: This project examined the impact of COVID-19 and associated restrictions on alcohol practises (consumption and stockpiling), and perceptions of health risk among women in midlife (those aged 45–64 years). Methods: We collected online survey data from 2,437 midlife women in the United Kingdom (UK) and Australia in May 2020, recruited using a commercial panel, in the early days of mandated COVID-19 related restrictions in both countries. Participants were surveyed again (N = 1,377) in July 2020, at a time when COVID-19 restrictions were beginning to ease. The surveys included the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test—Consumption (AUDIT-C) and questions alcohol stockpiling. Analysis involved a range of univariate and multivariate techniques examining the impact of demographic variables and negative affect on consumption and acquisition outcomes. Results: In both surveys (May and July), UK women scored higher than Australian women on the AUDIT-C, and residence in the UK was found to independently predict stockpiling of alcohol (RR: 1.51; 95% CI: 1.20, 1.91). Developing depression between surveys (RR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.14, 2.04) and reporting pessimism (RR: 1.42; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.81), and fear/anxiety (RR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.05, 1.70) at the beginning of the study period also predicted stockpiling by the end of the lockdown. Having a tertiary education was protective for alcohol stockpiling at each time point (RR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.54, 0.87). Conclusions: COVID-19 was associated with increases in risky alcohol practises that were predicted by negative emotional responses to the pandemic. Anxiety, pessimism and depression predicted stockpiling behaviour in UK and Australian women despite the many demographic and contextual differences between the two cohorts. Given our findings and the findings of others that mental health issues developed or were exacerbated during lockdown and may continue long after that time, urgent action is required to address a potential future pandemic of alcohol-related harms.
Keywords: COVID-19; alcohol; midlife women; health perception; survey
Rights: © 2021 Miller, Olver, Wilson, Lunnay, Meyer, Foley, Thomas, Toson and Ward. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.642950
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Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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