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Type: Journal article
Title: Vitamin D supplementation improves bone mineralisation independent of dietary phosphate in male X-linked hypophosphatemic (Hyp) mice
Author: Barratt, K.R.
Sawyer, R.K.
Atkins, G.J.
St-Arnaud, R.
Anderson, P.H.
Citation: Bone, 2021; 143:115767-1-115767-9
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 8756-3282
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Kate R. Barratt, Rebecca K. Sawyer, Gerald J. Atkins, Rene St-Arnaud, Paul H. Anderson
Abstract: The disorder of X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), results in the supressed renal production of active 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) due to elevated fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) levels. While adequate 25(OH)D levels are generally associated with improved mineralisation of the skeleton independent of circulating 1,25(OH)2D levels, it is unclear whether raising 25(OH)D to sufficiently high levels through dietary vitamin D₃ administration contributes to improving bone mineralisation in the murine homolog for XLH, Hyp mice. Three-week-old male Hyp mice were fed one of four diets containing either 1000 IU (C) or 20,000 IU (D) vitamin D₃/kg diet with either 0.35% phosphate or 1.25% phosphate (P) until 12 weeks of age (n = 12/group). When compared to C-fed mice, D-fed mice significantly elevated serum 25(OH)D levels to 72.8 ± 4.9 nmol/L (2-fold, p < 0.001) and increased both cortical bone mineral density (15%, p < 0.01), and vertebral trabecular BV/TV% (80%, p < 0.001), despite persistent hypophosphatemia and normocalcemia. The increase in bone volume was associated with improved Tb.Th (12%, p < 0.01) and Tb.N (63%, p < 0.001). Unlike with D-diet, P-fed mice resulted in increased femoral (15%, p < 0.001) and vertebral (12%, p < 0.001) length, and a 34% increase in vertebral trabecular BV/TV% when compared to control fed animals (p < 0.001). However, the addition of the high P diet to the high D diet did not result in additive effects on bone mineralisation when compared to the effects of D diet alone, despite serum 25(OH)D levels elevated to 118.8 ± 8.6 nmol/L. In D-fed mice, the increase in bone mineral density and volume was associated with reduced osteoid volume, reduced ObS/BS, and a trend for reduced serum PTH levels, suggesting reduced bone turnover in these animals. Thus, elevating serum 25(OH)D levels independently improves bone mineralisation in Hyp mice without causing hypercalcemia, suggesting that further studies are required in XLH patients to establish the role of increasing 25(OH)D levels in improving bone mineralisation.
Keywords: Fibroblast growth factor 23; Hyp; XLH; rickets; vitamin D
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2020.115767
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