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Type: Journal article
Title: The magnitude of Indigenous and non-Indigenous oral health inequalities in Brazil, New Zealand and Australia
Author: Schuch, H.
Haag, D.
Kapellas, K.
Arantes, R.
Peres, M.
Thomson, W.
Jamieson, L.
Citation: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 2017; 45(5):434-441
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0301-5661
Statement of
Helena S. Schuch, Dandara G. Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A. Peres, W.M. Thomson, Lisa M. Jamieson
Abstract: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income. Outcomes included inadequate dentition, untreated dental caries, periodontal disease and the prevalence of "fair" or "poor" self-rated oral health in Australia and New Zealand, and satisfaction with mouth/teeth in Brazil (SROH).Irrespective of country, Indigenous persons had worse oral health than their non-Indigenous counterparts in all indicators. The magnitude of these ratios was greatest among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, who, after adjustments, had 2.77 times the prevalence of untreated dental caries (95% CI 1.76, 4.37), 5.14 times the prevalence of fair/poor SROH (95% CI 2.53, 10.43).Indigenous people had poorer oral health than their non-Indigenous counterparts, regardless of setting. The magnitude of the relative inequalities was greatest among Indigenous Australians for untreated dental decay and poor SROH.
Keywords: Indigenous health; inequalitiies; oral health
Rights: © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
DOI: 10.1111/cdoe.12307
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