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Type: Journal article
Title: Mapping and validation of chromosome regions conferring boron toxicity in wheat (Triticum aestivum)
Author: Jefferies, S.
Pallotta, M.
Paull, J.
Karakousis, A.
Kretschmer, J.
Manning, S.
Islam, A.
Langridge, P.
Chalmers, K.
Citation: Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2000; 101(5-6):767-777
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 0040-5752
Statement of
S. P. Jefferies, M. A. Pallotta, J. G. Paull, A. Karakousis, J. M. Kretschmer, S. Manning, A. K. M. R. Islam, P. Langridge and K. J. Chalmers
Abstract: Boron is an essential plant micro-nutrient which can be phytotoxic to plants if present in soils in high concentration. Boron toxicity has been recognised as an important problem limiting production in the low rainfall areas of southern Australia, West Asia and North Africa. Genetic variation for boron toxicity tolerance in wheat has been well-characterised. The efficiency of breeding for boron toxicity tolerance could be greatly enhanced by the development of molecular markers associated with QTLs for tolerance in wheat. A population of 161 doubled haploids from a cross between the tolerant cultivar Halberd and the moderately sensitive cultivar Cranbrook was used to identify chromosomal regions involved in boron tolerance. A combined RFLP and AFLP linkage map of the Cranbrook x Halberd population was used to identify chromosomal regions involved in the boron tolerance traits measured. Regions on chromosome 7B and 7D were associated with leaf symptom expression. The region on chromosome 7B was also associated with the control of boron uptake and with a reduction in the effect of boron toxicity on root-growth suppression. RFLP markers at the chromosome 7B and 7D loci were shown to be effective in selecting for improved boron tolerance in an alternative genetic background. Halberd alleles at the chromosome 7B locus were associated with the concentration of boron in whole shoots and grain. The concentration of boron in whole shoots and in grain were both related to grain yield in a field trial conducted on soil containing toxic levels of boron. Implications relating to marker-assisted selection for boron toxicity tolerance in wheat are discussed.
Description: © Springer. Part of Springer Science+Business Media
RMID: 0001000412
DOI: 10.1007/s001220051542
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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