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Type: Journal article
Title: Astronomically tuned Plio-Pleistocene benthic δ¹⁸O record from South China Sea and Atlantic-Pacific comparison
Other Titles: Astronomically tuned Plio-Pleistocene benthic delta(18)O record from South China Sea and Atlantic-Pacific comparison
Author: Tian, J.
Wang, P.
Cheng, X.
Li, Q.
Citation: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2002; 203(3-4):1015-1029
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0012-821X
Statement of
Jun Tian, Pinxian Wang, Xinrong Cheng, Qianyu Li
Abstract: Based on benthic foraminiferal δ18O from ODP Site 1143, a 5-Myr astronomical timescale for the West Pacific Plio-Pleistocene was established using an automatic orbital tuning method. The tuned Brunhes/Matuyama paleomagnetic polarity reversal age agrees well with the previously published age of 0.78 Ma. The tuned ages for several planktonic foraminifer bio-events also agree well with published dates, and new ages for some other bio-events in the South China Sea were also estimated. The benthic δ18O from Site 1143 is highly coherent with the Earth's orbit (ETP) both at the obliquity and precession bands for the last 5 Myr, and at the eccentricity band for the last 2 Myr. In general, the 41-kyr cycle was dominant through the Plio-Pleistocene although the 23-kyr cycle was also very strong. The 100-kyr cycle became dominant only during the last 1 Myr. A comparison of the benthic δ18O between the Atlantic (ODP 659) and the East and West Pacific (846 and 1143) reveals that the Atlantic-Pacific benthic oxygen isotope difference ratio (Δδ18OAtl-Pac) displays an increasing trend in three time intervals: 3.6-2.7 Ma, 2.7-2.1 Ma and 1.5-0.25 Ma. Each of the intervals begins with a rapid negative shift in Δδ18OAtl-Pac, followed by a long period with an increasing trend, corresponding to the growth of the Northern Hemisphere ice sheet. This means that all three intervals of ice sheet growth in the Northern Hemisphere were accompanied at the beginning by a rapid relative warming of deep water in the Atlantic as compared to that of the Pacific, followed by its gradual relative cooling. This general trend, superimposed on the frequent fluctuations with glacial cycles, should yield insights into the processes leading to the boreal glaciation. Cross-spectral analyses of the Δδ18OAtl-Pac with the Earth's orbit suggests that after the initiation of Northern Hemisphere glaciation at about 2.5 Ma, obliquity rather than precession had become the dominant force controlling the vertical structure or thermohaline circulation in the paleo-ocean. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Rights: Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)00923-8
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