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|Title:||Microbial mats associated with bryozoans (Coorong Lagoon, South Australia)|
|Citation:||Facies: international journal of paleontology, sedimentology and geology, 1999; 41(1):1-14|
|Katarzyna Palinska, Joachim Scholz, Katja Sterflinger, Gisela Gerdes, Yvonne Bone|
|Abstract:||Bryostromatolites are laminated carbonate rocks composed of bryozoan zoarial laminae. The laminated texture is frequently caused by patterns of bryozoan self over-growth as a regular defensive tactic against microbial fouling. In the Coorong Lagoon (South Australia), another type of bryostromatolite is present where the laminated growth of the weakly calcifying bryozoan species Conopeum aciculata is postmortally stabilized by cyanobacterial mats at the surface, and fungal mats settling in the zooecial cavities. A tough extracellular slime network produced by benthic cyanobacteria is a trap for sediment particles, provides a method of adhesion to the bryozoan substrate, and produces a biological lamination by the vertical stratification of dead bryozoan skeletons. These slimes are also important for the preservation of cell structures and for their fossilization. Seasonal fluctuations in salinity and water level are the most important regional control factors, causing a phase displacement in the growth optima of microbial mats and bryozoans, thereby resulting in a rigid bryostromatolitic fabric.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 7|
Geology & Geophysics publications
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