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Type: Journal article
Title: Geochemical trends across an arc-continent collision zone: magma sources and slab-wedge transfer processes below the Pantar Strait volcanoes, Indonesia
Author: Elburg, M.
van Bergen, M.
Hoogewerff, J.
Foden, J.
Vroon, P.
Zulkarnain, I.
Nasution, A.
Citation: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2002; 66(15):2771-2789
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0016-7037
Statement of
Marlina A. Elburg, Manfred van Bergen, Jurian Hoogewerff, John Foden, Pieter Vroon, Iskandar Zulkarnain and Asnawir Nasution
Abstract: Four volcanoes in the Pantar Strait, the westernmost part of the extinct sector of the east Sunda arc, show remarkable across-arc variation in elemental abundances (K₂O: 1.2 to 4.3%), trace element ratios (Pb/Ce: 0.4 to 0.18; Ce/Yb: 20 to 55) and isotope ratios (¹⁴³Nd/¹⁴⁴Nd: 0.51263 to 0.51245; ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr: 0.7053 to 0.7068; ²⁰⁶Pb/²⁰⁴Pb: 19.29 to 19.15). Pb isotopes are decoupled from Sr and Nd isotopes, with the frontal volcanoes showing the higher Nd and Pb and lower Sr isotopic ratios. The isotopic and trace element ratios of the volcanic samples are best explained by modification of a MORB-type source (with Indian Ocean island basalt–type Pb isotopic characteristics) by a fluid and a partial melt of subducted continental material (SCM). The frontal volcano contains the highest proportion of the fluid component, with a small contribution of partial melt. The source of the rear-arc volcano is strongly influenced by a partial melt of SCM that had undergone a previous dehydration event, by which it lost most of its fluid-mobile elements such as Pb. The SCM partial melt was in equilibrium with both rutile and garnet, whereas mantle melting took place in the presence of residual mica. The relatively large across-arc increase in incompatible elements can be explained by a combination of increasing addition of SCM partial melt, changing mantle wedge fertility and smaller degrees of partial melting toward the rear of the arc. Comparison with a more westerly across-arc transect shows that the relatively low ¹⁴³Nd/¹⁴⁴Nd ratios of the frontal volcano, and the decoupling of Pb from Sr and Nd isotopes are unique to the Pantar Strait volcanoes. This is likely to reflect magma generation in a collisional environment, where the leading edge of the Australian continent, rather than subducted sediment, contributes to the magma source.
Description: Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/S0016-7037(02)00868-2
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