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Type: Journal article
Title: The behavior of Fusiobacterium nucleatum chemostat-grown in glucose- and amino acid -based chemically defined media
Author: Rogers, A.
Chen, J.
Zilm, P.
Gully, N.
Citation: Anaerobe, 1998; 4(2):111-116
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 1075-9964
Abstract: Fusobacterium nucleatum is a Gram-negative anaerobe, found in a number of different areas of human and animal bodies as part of the resident microbiota. However, it also appears to be involved in polymicrobial infections in such sites. It occurs in the oral cavity where it is a prominent member of various bacterial consortia associated with periodontal diseases. Like most fusobacteria, it derives energy via the fermentation of amino acids which it can obtain through the dissimilation of small peptides. However, the role of simple carbohydrates, such as glucose, in its growth and metabolism are not well understood. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to study the behaviour ofF. nucleatum grown anaerobically in continuous culture in two different chemically-defined media (CDM); one containing only amino acids as the energy source, the other containing glucose as the predominant energy provider. At various dilution rates the culture were assayed for dry weight, intracellular polyglucose (IP) content, residual amino acids and glucose and acidic metabolic end-products. In the carbohydrate-free CDM the acidic end-products were a constant acetate : butyrate : formate of 1.5 : 1 : 0.4. The values of Y(max)amino acids, maximum yield of bacteria per mol of amino acids consumed, for two strains were estimated to be 15.2 and 18.6 g dry wt/mol, respectively. Them(amino acids), maintenance energy requirement for growth on amino acids, for the two strains was 0.81 and 0.94 mmol/g dry wt/h, respectively. Growth of one strain in the glucose-based CDM gave an estimated Y(max)glucose of 67.2 and an m(glucose) of 0.38; the acidic end-products were a fairly constant acetate : butyrate : formate : lactate of 0.7 : 1 : 0.3 : 2.5. Only at low growth rates, and then only in small amount, was IP produced in this medium. Overall, it was concluded that the occurrence of F. nucleatum in widely-differing oral niches may be explained, at least in part, by its metabolic versatility.
RMID: 0030003034
DOI: 10.1006/anae.1997.0140
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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