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|Title:||On the mechanical stability of inclined wellbores|
|Citation:||SPE Drilling and Completion, 1996; 11(2):67-73|
|Publisher:||SOC PETROLEUM ENG|
|Shaohua Zhou, R. R. Hillis,and Mike Sandiford|
|Abstract:||<jats:title>Summary</jats:title> <jats:p>Consideration of the stress field around an arbitrarily oriented borehole shows that in an extensional stress regime (σv σH&gt;σh), wellbores parallel to the direction of minimum horizontal principal stress are the least prone to compressive shear failure (breakout). The most stable deviation angle (from the vertical) depends on the ratio of the horizontal principal stresses to the vertical stresses, and the higher the ratio σH/σV, the higher the deviation angle for minimizing breakout. In a strike-slip stress regime (σv &lt;σH&gt;σh), horizontal wells are the least prone to breakout, and the higher the ratio σH/σ v, the closer the drilling direction should be to the azimuth of σH.</jats:p> <jats:p>A new compressive shear failure criterion, which is a combination of the effective strength concept and the Drucker-Prager criterion, is proposed for quantifying the stresses at which borehole breakout occurs. The lowest mud weight, at and below which breakout will occur, can be predicted by combining this criterion with the stress field around an arbitrarily oriented borehole. The highest mud weight at and above which a tensional or hydraulic fracture is induced can be predicted by combining the tensile strength of the rocks of the wellbore wall with the stress field around an arbitrarily oriented borehole. For the in-situ stress environments considered, the optimally oriented inclined wellbore is less prone to breakout (i.e., allows a lower mud weight) and tensional or hydraulic fracture (i.e., supports a higher mud weight) than a vertical well.</jats:p>|
|Rights:||© 1996 Society of Petroleum Engineers|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 2|
Geology & Geophysics publications
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