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Type: Journal article
Title: Caries inhibitory effect of fluoridated sugar in a trial in Indonesia
Author: Dalidjan, M.
McIntyre, J.
Citation: Australian Dental Journal, 2002; 47(4):314-320
Publisher: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0045-0421
Statement of
Mulyani, J McIntyre
Abstract: Background: In some regional areas of Indonesia, caries prevalence is increasing rapidly. As water, salt or milk fluoridation were not considered suitable for use throughout Indonesia, and fluoridated tooth paste is mostly too expensive, a fluoride cocrystallised sugar containing 10ppm fluoride was prepared. Its efficacy in inhibiting caries development was tested in a field trial. Methods: The field trial was established in Medan, Sumatera. All dietary background data necessary to ensure the safety of a trial were collected. Subjects chosen were 176 children who were residents of two orphanages and a boarding school for children of poor rural families. The trial used a double-blind format. Close monitoring of fluoride consumption was maintained, and fluoride excretion rates were assessed six monthly by urinary fluoride analysis. Results: Records of total tooth surface caries present initially and after 18 months of sugar supply showed that the children using fluoridated sugar had significantly fewer carious lesions than those who used normal sugar. Conclusion: This result indicates that sugar might be considered as a further vehicle for supplementary dietary fluoride in communities where there is a high caries prevalence or high caries risk and little exposure to fluoride.
Keywords: Fluoridated sugar
sugar processing
Description: The document attached has been archived with permission from the Australian Dental Association. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2002.tb00544.x
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