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Type: Journal article
Title: Foraminiferal biofacies eco-succession and Holocene sealevels, Port Pirie, South Australia
Author: Cann, J.
Harvey, N.
Barnett, E.
Belperio, A.
Bourman, R.
Citation: Marine Micropaleontology, 2002; 44(1-2):31-55
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0377-8398
Statement of
J. H. Cann, N. Harvey, E. J. Barnett, A. P. Belperio and R. P. Bourman
Abstract: At Port Pirie, on the eastern coast of Northern Spencer Gulf, South Australia, 10 cores taken along a 3 km transect recovered a succession of Holocene marine sediments. Facies representing shallow subtidal Posidonia seagrass and intertidal sandflat, mangrove and back-storm ridge coastal lagoon environments are recognized on the basis of lithological characteristics and their preserved foraminifera. An assemblage dominated by Nubecularia lucifuga, Peneroplis planatus and Discorbis dimidiatus signifies sediments of shallow subtidal Posidonia seagrass meadows. Subtle changes in the numerical distribution of these species upcore are used to infer the change from subtidal to intertidal sandflat facies; Elphidium crispum and Elphidium macelliforme become more numerous across this transition. The mangrove facies is characterized by Trochammina inflata. This species is present significantly in only one seaward core where modern mangrove woodland continues to grow today and no equivalent biofacies are recognized in other cores. The lagoonal sediments preserve a rich assemblage of species of euryhaline foraminifera. Together with those of the mangrove woodland, they exhibit an ecological succession which can be related to decreasing intervals of tidal inundation and increasing salinity. Helenina anderseni, with subordinate Ammonia beccarii, and Elphidium cf. articulatum are the pioneer species in the euryhaline setting, giving way to Trichohyalus tropicus and Miliolinella schauinslandi. Late stages of hypersaline sedimentation are characterized by Triloculina inflata+Triloculina oblonga. In the mangroves, H. anderseni, A. beccarii and Elphidium cf. articulatum are replaced by Trochammina inflata as the dominant species. In turn, as further sediment aggradation leads to ever shorter intervals of tidal inundation at the landward side of the mangrove woodland, Trochammina inflata is overtaken by Ammobaculites barwonensis. Quantitative foraminiferal biofacies analysis confirms and refines the sedimentological interpretation of intertidal sediment facies from macro-observations of the core materials. It provides independent estimates of the elevation of key facies boundaries in cores and confirmation of a general relative fall in sealevel in Northern Spencer Gulf over the past 7000 yr.
Keywords: Ecology; carbonate; coastal; foraminifera; holocene; sealevel
Rights: Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020020417
DOI: 10.1016/S0377-8398(01)00036-6
Appears in Collections:Geography, Environment and Population publications

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