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Type: Journal article
Title: Body fat distribution is a determinant of the high-density lipoprotein response to dietary fat and cholesterol in women
Author: Clifton, P.
Abbey, M.
Noakes, M.
Beltrame, S.
Rumbelow, N.
Nestel, P.
Citation: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, 1995; 15(8):1070-1078
Publisher: American Heart Association
Issue Date: 1995
ISSN: 1079-5642
Statement of
Peter M. Clifton, Mavis Abbey, Mannie Noakes, Sandra Beltrame, Nicole Rumbelow, Paul J. Nestel
Abstract: We have conducted a dietary trial that addressed the factors influencing the variability in plasma lipids in response to dietary fat and cholesterol with a focus on the effects of gender and body fat distribution. Sixty-seven women and 53 men were selected so that overall men and women had a similar mean age, LDL cholesterol, and body mass index. After a 2-week low-fat period subjects were given two liquid supplements for 3 weeks each, one that contained 31 to 40 g fat and 650 to 845 mg cholesterol, and one that was fat free. Measurements included plasma lipids and lipoproteins, glucose, insulin, hepatic triglyceride lipase activity, apolipoprotein E polymorphism, and three indexes of body fat (body mass index, waist girth, and waist-hip ratio). In response to dietary fat and cholesterol supplementation only the changes in HDL cholesterol, especially in HDL2, differed between the sexes. Although on univariate analysis lipoprotein changes were predicted by baseline lipoprotein levels, body mass index, waist girth, waist-hip ratio, hepatic triglyceride lipase activity, and insulin, multiple regression showed only waist-hip ratio to predict changes in HDL2 cholesterol in women and body mass index and baseline HDL2 cholesterol in men. Changes in LDL were predicted by baseline LDL cholesterol in women and apolipoprotein E phenotype and age in men. These studies explain much of the variability that individuals show in lipoprotein changes, especially in the more desirable changes in cholesterol transport in HDL2, in response to eating saturated fat and cholesterol.
Keywords: Liver; Adipose Tissue; Humans; Cholesterol; Insulin; Lipase; Lipids; Lipoproteins, HDL; Anthropometry; Body Mass Index; Diet, Fat-Restricted; Regression Analysis; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male
RMID: 0030003449
DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.15.8.1070
Appears in Collections:Pharmacology publications

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