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Type: Journal article
Title: Role of G-T transversions in the mutagenicity of alkylperoxyl radicals: induction of alkali-labile sites in bacteriophage M13 mp19.
Author: Harkin, L.
Butler, L.
Burcham, P.
Citation: Chemical Research in Toxicology, 1997; 10(5):575-581
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 0893-228X
Abstract: The mutagenicity of peroxyl radicals, ubiquitous products of lipid peroxidation, was assessed using an in vitro M13 forward mutational assay. Single-stranded M13mp19 plasmids were incubated with a range of concentrations of the azo initiator 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride, and then transfected into competent, SOS-induced Escherichia coli JM105 cells. Incubation with peroxyl radicals produced a concentration-dependent decrease in phage survival, with a 500 microM concentration of the azo initiator reducing the transfection efficiency by more than 90% while inducing a corresponding 6-fold increase in lacZ alpha mutation frequencies. Peroxyl radical-induced mutagenesis was completely prevented by the peroxyl radical scavenger Trolox. Automated DNA sequence analysis of the lacZ alpha gene of 100 peroxyl radical-induced mutants revealed that the most frequent sequence changes were base pair substitutions (92/95), with G-->T transversions predominating (73/92). Alkaline treatment prior to transfection diminished the mutagenicity of damaged plasmids to a level resembling that of unmodified DNA. While abasic sites might account for the sensitivity to alkaline cleavage, the possibility that unidentified nonabasic alkaline-labile lesions also contribute to peroxyl radical mutagenesis cannot be excluded. Collectively, these findings raise the possibility that DNA damage caused by a major class of endogenous radicals contributes to one of the most common spontaneous mutational events, the G-->T transversion.
Keywords: Humans; Bacteriophage M13; Alkalies; Peroxides; Amidines; DNA, Viral; Free Radical Scavengers; Mutagens; Mutagenesis; Base Sequence; Lipid Peroxidation; Point Mutation; Molecular Sequence Data
RMID: 0030003431
DOI: 10.1021/tx9602022
Appears in Collections:Pharmacology publications

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