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|Title:||Bifunctional family 3 glycoside hydrolases from barley with alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase and beta-D-xylosidase activity - Characterization, primary structures, and COOH-terminal processing|
|Citation:||Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2003; 278(7):5377-5387|
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Biochemistry Molecular Biology Inc|
|Robert C Lee, Maria Hrmova, Rachel A Burton, Jelle Lahnstein, Geoffrey B Fincher|
|Abstract:||An alpha-l-arabinofuranosidase and a beta-d-xylosidase, designated ARA-I and XYL, respectively, have been purified about 1,000-fold from extracts of 5-day-old barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings using ammonium sulfate fractional precipitation, ion exchange chromatography, chromatofocusing, and size-exclusion chromatography. The ARA-I has an apparent molecular mass of 67 kDa and an isoelectric point of 5.5, and its catalytic efficiency during hydrolysis of 4'-nitrophenyl alpha-l-arabinofuranoside is only slightly higher than during hydrolysis of 4'-nitrophenyl beta-d-xyloside. Thus, the enzyme is actually a bifunctional alpha-l-arabinofuranosidase/beta-d-xylosidase. In contrast, the XYL enzyme, which also has an apparent molecular mass of 67 kDa and an isoelectric point of 6.7, preferentially hydrolyzes 4'-nitrophenyl beta-d-xyloside, with a catalytic efficiency approximately 30-fold higher than with 4'-nitrophenyl alpha-l-arabinofuranoside. The enzymes hydrolyze wheat flour arabinoxylan slowly but rapidly hydrolyze oligosaccharide products released from this polysaccharide by (1 --> 4)-beta-d-xylan endohydrolase. Both enzymes hydrolyze (1 --> 4)-beta-d-xylopentaose, and ARA-I can also degrade (1 --> 5)-alpha-l-arabinofuranohexaose. ARA-I and XYL cDNAs encode mature proteins of 748 amino acid residues which have calculated molecular masses of 79.2 and 80.5 kDa, respectively. Both are family 3 glycoside hydrolases. The discrepancies between the apparent molecular masses obtained for the purified enzymes and those predicted from the cDNAs are attributable to COOH-terminal processing, through which about 130 amino acid residues are removed from the primary translation product. The genes encoding the ARA-I and XYL have been mapped to chromosomes 2H and 6H, respectively. ARA-I transcripts are most abundant in young roots, young leaves, and developing grain, whereas XYL mRNA is detected in most barley tissues.|
|Keywords:||Hordeum; Glycoside Hydrolases; Xylosidases; Plant Proteins; Sequence Alignment; Protein Processing, Post-Translational; Amino Acid Sequence; Substrate Specificity; Hydrolysis; Molecular Sequence Data|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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