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Type: Journal article
Title: Development of a reliable and valid Chinese version of the diabetes empowerment scale
Author: Shiu, Ann T. Y.
Wong, Rebecca Y. M.
Thompson, David R.
Citation: Diabetes Care, 2003; 26(10):2817-2821
Publisher: American Diabetes Association
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0149-5992
Statement of
Shiu, Ann T. Y ; Wong, Rebecca Y. M ; Thompson, David R.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE—To translate the Diabetes Empowerment Scale (DES) into Chinese and establish its psychometric properties among Hong Kong Chinese people. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—A two-stage study design, incorporating qualitative and quantitative components, determined the cultural equivalency and content validity of the translated scale and established the psychometric properties of the Chinese DES (C-DES) in 207 patients. RESULTS—Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the 20-item Chinese DES (C-DES-20) and five subscales: overcoming barriers (α = 0.89), determining suitable methods (α = 0.79), achieving goals (α = 0.78), obtaining support (α = 0.78), and coping (α = 0.76). The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satifactory when a subsample of 20 patients was tested after a 2-week interval. There was criterion validity between the global scale and metabolic control (HbA1c) of respondents with type 2 diabetes (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS—The C-DES-20 is a reliable and valid outcome measure for patient education and psychosocial interventions among Hong Kong Chinese people with diabetes.
Rights: © 2003, American Diabetes Association
DOI: 10.2337/diacare.26.10.2817
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