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Type: Journal article
Title: A survey of coronary risk factors and B-type natriuetic peptide concentrations in cardiac nurses from Europe: do nurses still practice what they preach?
Author: Jaarsma, T.
Stewart, S.
De Geest, S.
Fridlund, B.
Heikkila, J.
Martensson, J.
Moons, P.
Reimer, W.
Smith, K.
Stromberg, A.
Thompson, D.
Citation: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 2004; 3(1):3-6
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 1474-5151
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>From a previous survey of cardiac nurses attending a scientific conference, we learned that these nurses adopted a healthier lifestyle than the general population.<h4>Aims</h4>The aim of this study was to determine the overall profile of cardiac risk factors in a similar cohort and determine whether cardiac nurses continue to 'practice what they preach' in this regard. Secondly, we examined the practical value of screening a large cohort of individuals within a short time frame (total of 8 hours screening time) and determined the range of BNP concentrations within a 'healthy' cohort.<h4>Methods</h4>Data on CHD risk factors were collected with a short self-report questionnaire. The sample consisted of 122 cardiac nurses from 19 countries attending a European cardiac nursing conference held in Stockholm. A venous blood sample was collected into a tube containing potassium ETDA. B-type natriuretic peptide was measured on-site with the use of a portable fluorescence immunoassay kit.<h4>Results</h4>Most participants were female (89%). Participants ranged in age from 23 to 60 years with a mean age of 41 (S.D. 9.4). Eleven percent - all female - reported they were current smokers, 27% (34) had a BMI >25 and 27% of the sample stated they did not exercise regularly. Almost half (48%) of the sample reported a family history of CHD. As expected, all BNP-values were within the normal range. There were significant differences in BNP on the basis of sex (P<0.05) and age (P<0.05) and a trend towards increasing BNP concentrations with progressively higher BMI scores (P=0.06).<h4>Conclusion</h4>This study reconfirms the likelihood that many cardiac nurses heed their own advice on lifestyle modification to reduce cardiovascular risk and therefore provide a good role model for the promotion of primary and secondary prevention initiatives.
Keywords: Humans; Coronary Disease; Hypertension; Obesity; Diabetes Complications; Natriuretic Peptide, Brain; Mass Screening; Fluorescence Polarization Immunoassay; Health Surveys; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Attitude to Health; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Health Behavior; Life Style; Cardiology; Adult; Middle Aged; Nurse Clinicians; Europe; Female; Male
RMID: 0020041861
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2004.01.005
Appears in Collections:Nursing publications

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