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|Title:||Investigation of the role of structural domains identified in sedimentary organic matter in the sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds|
|Citation:||Environmental Science & Technology, 2005; 39(11):3925-3932|
|Publisher:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Christopher J. Golding, Ronald J. Smernik, and Gavin F. Birch|
|Abstract:||The role of composition and structure of sedimentary organic matter (SOM) in the sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) was investigated by spiking 13C-labeled phenanthrene onto six estuarine sediments known to vary in SOM content and character. After equilibration and HF treatment, 13C NMR cross polarization and stable carbon isotope analyses indicated that the amount of desorption-resistant phenanthrene was related to aromatic carbon content. Application of the 13C NMR spectral editing technique proton spin relaxation editing (PSRE) demonstrated that all samples consisted of a rapidly relaxing and a slowly relaxing component, further evidence that SOM can be described as a structurally heterogeneous sorbent. Further, comparison of corresponding control and spiked PSRE subspectra revealed that, for each of the six sediments, desorption-resistant phenanthrene had become associated almost exclusively with the rapidly relaxing component. In only two of the sediments were there even small amounts of phenanthrene discernible in the slowly relaxing component, which is signficant as it was not always true that aromatic carbon was concentrated exclusively in the rapidly relaxing phase. The implication of these findings is that not all aromatic fractions have the same affinity for phenanthrene and that some fractions may indeed have little affinity at all. These results were interpreted as indicative that rapidly relaxing aromatic carbon associated with either sediment-associated charcoal or diagenetic organic matter plays a controlling role in the sorption of HOCs. However, the exact manner in which this rapidly relaxing aromatic phase relates to models presented elsewhere remains unclear.|
|Keywords:||Carbon Isotopes; Organic Chemicals; Phenanthrenes; Environmental Pollutants; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Anaerobiosis; Adsorption; Geologic Sediments; Biodegradation, Environmental; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions|
|Rights:||© 2002 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
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