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Type: Journal article
Title: To what extent do geographic and associated environmental variables correlate with kelp morphology across temperate Australia?
Author: Fowler-Walker, M.
Connell, S.
Gillanders, B.
Citation: Marine and Freshwater Research, 2005; 56(6):877-887
Publisher: C S I R O Publishing
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1323-1650
Statement of
Meegan J. Fowler-Walker, Sean D. Connell A and Bronwyn M. Gillanders
Abstract: Intraspecific variation in morphology is common among marine algae and may allow plants to exist across a wide geography and range of environmental conditions. Morphological variation of Ecklonia radiata has been described over thousands of kilometres of the temperate Australian coastline; however, the degree to which this morphological variability is related to geographic and environmental variation is unknown. We tested the hypotheses that: (1) variation in the morphology of Ecklonia radiata, growing in both monospecific and mixed stands, is related to variation in latitude, longitude, wave exposure, temperature, depth and plant density (collectively referred to as physical variables); and (2) measures of morphological dissimilarity in E. radiata are greatest among locations that are separated by the largest geographic distances. The combined effect of the physical variables accounted for 74% of the variation in both monospecific and mixed stands. The majority of this variation was related to longitude and the remainder to wave exposure, water temperature and plant density. In monospecific stands, measures of morphological dissimilarity were consistently large between locations that were separated by the greatest geographical distances (>2500 km). The existence of such relationships may not indicate causality, but do contribute to a broad based understanding of major ecological patterns across temperate Australia's coastline.
Keywords: Laminariales, Phaeophyta.
Description: © CSIRO 2005
DOI: 10.1071/MF05042
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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