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Type: Journal article
Title: Emergency neurosurgery by general surgeons at a remote major hospital
Author: Treacy, J.
Reilly, P.
Brophy, B.
Citation: ANZ Journal of Surgery, 2005; 75(10):852-857
Publisher: Blackwell Science Asia
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1445-1433
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>Due to the geographical remoteness of Darwin, which has no resident neurosurgeon, emergency transfer of patients for neurosurgery is usually impractical. In Darwin emergency neurosurgery must be undertaken by general surgeons.<h4>Methods</h4>Data from the operating theatre, Emergency Department and Intensive Care Unit were prospectively recorded on all patients who underwent an emergency neurosurgical procedure between January 1992 and June 2004. Outcomes were assessed by retrospective case note review.<h4>Results</h4>Three hundred and five neurosurgical procedures were performed upon 258 patients (average 26.5 procedures per year), including 130 craniotomies, 88 burr holes, 3 posterior fossa craniotomies, 2 decompressive frontal lobectomies, 4 decompressive craniectomies, 25 elevations of fracture and 33 ventricular drains only. Assault/domestic incident (31%) was a more common aetiology than motor vehicle accidents (29%). Outcome was best for extradural haematoma (82% good/moderate) and chronic subdural haematoma (84% good/moderate). In contrast, 44% with acute subdural haematoma and 77% with intracerebral haematoma died. Irrespective of type of bleed, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score at presentation was a reliable predictor of outcome following surgery (61% correlation): 60% with GCS less than 9 died whereas 79% with GCS over 11 had a good recovery. Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation, version 2 and Simplified Acute Physiology Score, version 2 scores were also independent predictors of outcome. Time from presentation to operation for extradural haematoma and acute subdural haematoma was prolonged (more than 4 h) in 48% and was associated with worse outcome (P = 0.0001). Neither extremes of age nor the particular surgeon performing the operation affected outcome.<h4>Conclusions</h4>General surgeons undertake a substantial number of procedures across a broad spectrum of emergency neurosurgery in Darwin. Outcomes following surgery appear acceptable.
Keywords: Humans
Craniocerebral Trauma
Treatment Outcome
Neurosurgical Procedures
Glasgow Coma Scale
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Chi-Square Distribution
Prospective Studies
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Emergency Service, Hospital
Surgery Department, Hospital
Intensive Care Units
Rural Health Services
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2005.03549.x
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Surgery publications

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