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Type: Journal article
Title: Validation of a finite element model of the human metacarpal
Author: Barker, D.
Netherway, D.
Krishnan, J.
Hearn, T.
Citation: Medical Engineering and Physics, 2005; 27(2):103-113
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1350-4533
Statement of
D.S. Barker, D.J. Netherway, J. Krishnan and T.C. Hearn
Abstract: Implant loosening and mechanical failure of components are frequently reported following metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint replacement. Studies of the mechanical environment of the MCP implant-bone construct are rare. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive ability of a finite element model of the intact second human metacarpal to provide a validated baseline for further mechanical studies. A right index human metacarpal was subjected to torsion and combined axial/bending loading using strain gauge (SG) and 3D finite element (FE) analysis. Four different representations of bone material properties were considered. Regression analyses were performed comparing maximum and minimum principal surface strains taken from the SG and FE models. Regression slopes close to unity and high correlation coefficients were found when the diaphyseal cortical shell was modelled as anisotropic and cancellous bone properties were derived from quantitative computed tomography. The inclusion of anisotropy for cortical bone was strongly influential in producing high model validity whereas variation in methods of assigning stiffness to cancellous bone had only a minor influence. The validated FE model provides a tool for future investigations of current and novel MCP joint prostheses.
Keywords: Finite element
Strain gauge
In vitro
DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2004.10.001
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Dentistry publications

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