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Type: Journal article
Title: WM5: Isolation and characterisation of a gene expressed during early meiosis and shoot meristem development in wheat
Author: Dong, C.
Thomas, S.
Becker, D.
Lorz, H.
Whitford, R.
Sutton, T.
Able, J.
Langridge, P.
Citation: Functional Plant Biology, 2005; 32(3):249-258
Publisher: C S I R O Publishing
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1445-4408
Statement of
Chongmei Dong, Stephen Thomas, Dirk Becker, Horst Lörz, Ryan Whitford, Tim Sutton, Jason A. Able and Peter Langridge
Abstract: Wheat Meiosis 5 (WM5), isolated from an early meiosis anther cDNA library of wheat by cDNA subtraction encodes a novel glycine–serine–proline–alanine-rich protein. The corresponding homologous genes are located on the short arms of chromosomes 3A, 3B and 3D of allohexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The copy on 3DS is located within the region deleted in the wheat mutant ph2a that displays increased homoeologous chromosome pairing in crosses with alien species. While WM5 is expressed primarily in young flower buds during early meiosis it is also expressed in shoot meristems, thus indicating functional roles in both meiosis and meristem development. Overall, the WM5 amino acid sequence shares no significant similarity with other known proteins in the NCBI database. However, the carboxyl-terminal region does have similarity with the Arabidopsis PDF1 (Protodermal Factor 1) protein. Comparing WM5 and PDF1 reveals that the two proteins share 33% identity and have similar hydropathy plots and predicted secondary structures. In situ immuno-staining locates the protein to the nuclei of pollen mother cells undergoing meiosis and the epidermal layer of the shoot and flower meristem, including the cell wall and cuticle. We propose that the WM5 protein has a role in shoot and flower development within this economically important cereal crop.
Keywords: Meiosis; Ph2; shoot meristem; wheat
RMID: 0020050216
DOI: 10.1071/FP04198
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Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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