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Type: Journal article
Title: Early identification of 'at-risk' students by the parents of paediatric patients
Author: O'Keefe, M.
Whitham, J.
Citation: Medical Education, 2005; 39(9):958-965
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0308-0110
Abstract: Introduction Assessment of medical student clinical skills is best carried out using multiple assessment methods. A programme was developed to obtain parent evaluations of medical student paediatric interview skills for feedback and to identify students at risk of poor performance in summative assessments. Method A total of 130 parent evaluations were obtained for 67 students (parent participation 72%, student participation 58%). Parents completed a 13-item questionnaire [Interpersonal Skills Rating Scale (IPS) maximum score 91, higher scores = higher student skill level]. Students received their individual parent scores and de-identified class mean scores as feedback, and participants were surveyed regarding the programme. Parent evaluation scores were compared with student performance in formative and summative faculty assessments of clinical interview skills. Results Parents supported the programme and participating students valued parent feedback. Students with a parent score that was less than 1 standard deviation (SD) below the class mean (low IPS score students) obtained lower faculty summative assessment scores than did other students (mean ± SD, 59% ± 5 versus 64% ± 7; P < 0.05). Obtaining 1 low IPS score was associated with a subsequent faculty summative assessment score below the class mean (sensitivity 0.38, specificity 0.88). Parent evaluations combined with faculty formative assessments identified 50% of students who subsequently performed below the class mean in summative assessments. Conclusions Parent evaluations provided useful feedback to students and identified 1 group of students at increased risk of weaker performance in summative assessments. They could be combined with other methods of formative assessment to enhance screening procedures for clinically weak students.
Keywords: Humans; Risk Assessment; Parents; Professional-Family Relations; Pediatrics; Education, Medical, Undergraduate; Educational Measurement; Students, Medical; Surveys and Questionnaires
RMID: 0020050935
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02194.x
Appears in Collections:Paediatrics publications

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