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Type: Journal article
Title: Qualitative assessment of breast reconstruction in a specialist breast unit
Author: Nano, M.
Gill, P.
Kollias, J.
Bochner, M.
Carter, N.
Winefield, H.
Citation: ANZ Journal of Surgery, 2005; 75(6):445-453
Publisher: Blackwell Science Asia
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 1445-1433
Statement of
Maria Teresa Nano, Peter Grantley Gill, James Kollias, Melissa Anne Bochner, Nicholas Carter and Helen R. Winefield
Abstract: Background: Breast reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of women with breast cancer. It is often performed by plastic surgeons but, in some centres, it is performed by breast surgeons trained in breast reconstruction and oncoplastic surgery. We evaluated the objective and subjective outcomes of reconstruction for breast cancer at the Royal Adelaide Hospital Breast Unit (Adelaide, Australia) between 1990 and June 2002. Methods: A chart analysis was conducted of all patients who underwent breast cancer reconstruction at the Royal Adelaide Hospital Breast Unit with analysis of type of reconstruction and complications. Patients were interviewed and self-assessment quality of life questionnaires (FACT-B, body image), and overall satisfaction with reconstruction using an analogue scale were performed. Three observers carried out photographic analysis of the reconstructions. A comparison was then made between the different forms of reconstruction used. Results: One hundred and ninety-two patients underwent a total of 219 breast reconstructions during this period. The reconstructions included 18 latissimus dorsi mini flaps, 83 tissue expander/implants, 43 latissimus dorsi flaps and 75 TRAM flaps. There were no perioperative deaths. Significant systemic complications occurred in four patients (2%). Significant implant related complications occurred in four patients (3.2% of patients with implants). Total flap loss occurred in four patients (2.9% of flaps). One hundred and twenty-three patients were able to be contacted and completed the questionnaires. Overall 77% of patients were highly satisfied with breast reconstruction and 82% scored a satisfactory result on photographic analysis. All four forms of reconstruction rated highly with respect to quality of life, body image, patient satisfaction and photographic assessment. Conclusions: Breast reconstruction undertaken by breast surgeons trained in breast reconstruction and oncoplastic techniques has been performed with an acceptable rate of complications and a high level of patient satisfaction. Satisfaction with breast reconstruction was similar across the four methods of reconstruction used.
Keywords: Surgical Flaps
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Implants
Body Image
Quality of Life
Middle Aged
Patient Satisfaction
Surveys and Questionnaires
Description: The definitive version is available at
DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2005.03388.x
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