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Type: Journal article
Title: War zone stress without direct combat: The Australian naval experience of the Gulf War
Author: Ikin, J.
McKenzie, D.
Creamer, M.
McFarlane, A.
Kelsall, H.
Glass, D.
Forbes, A.
Horsley, K.
Harrex, W.
Sim, M.
Citation: Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2005; 18(3):193-204
Publisher: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0894-9867
Statement of
Jillian F. Ikin, Dean P. McKenzie, Mark C. Creamer, Alexander C. McFarlane, Helen L. Kelsall, Deborah C. Glass, Andrew B. Forbes, Keith W.A. Horsley, Warren K. Harrex, Malcolm R. Sim
Abstract: This study examines psychological stressors reported by Australian Navy Gulf War veterans in relation to the 1991 Gulf War and other military service. Using a 44-item questionnaire, veterans reported few direct-combat encounters during the Gulf War; however, they reported many other stressful experiences, including fear of death and perceived threat of attack, more frequently in relation to the Gulf War than other military service. Reporting of stressful experiences was associated with younger age, lower rank, and deployment at the height of the conflict. These experiences may partly explain increased rates of psychological disorders previously demonstrated in this Navy veteran population. Findings highlight the importance of documenting war experiences in close proximity to deployment, and developing war exposure instruments which include naval activities and which reflect stressors other than those related to direct combat.
Keywords: Humans
Health Surveys
Logistic Models
Risk Factors
Task Performance and Analysis
Combat Disorders
Naval Medicine
Age Factors
Gulf War
Middle Aged
Description: Published in Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2005; 18 (3):193-204 at
DOI: 10.1002/jts.20028
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 6
Psychiatry publications

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