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|Title:||Lability of Cd, Cu, and Zn in polluted soils treated with lime, beringite, and red mud and identification of a non-liable colloidal fraction of metals using isotopic techniques|
|Citation:||Environmental Science & Technology, 2003; 37(5):979-984|
|Publisher:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Enzo Lombi, Rebecca E. Hamon, Steve P. McGrath and Mike J. McLaughlin|
|Abstract:||The use of soil amendments has been proposed as a low input alternative for the remediation of metal polluted soils. However, little information is available concerning the stability, and therefore the longevity, of the remediation treatments when important soil parameters change. In this paper we investigate the effect of pH changes on the lability of heavy metals in soils treated with lime, beringite, and red mud using a modified isotopic dilution technique in combination with a stepwise acidification procedure. Significant amounts of nonlabile (fixed) Cu and Zn were found to be associated with colloids <0.2 m in the solution phase. The results obtained indicated that the mobility of fixed colloidal metals is significant and increases with soil pH. This must be considered because most of the soil amendments are alkaline and increase soil pH. All the soil amendments significantly decreased the lability of Cd, Zn, and Cu in the soils as a whole. However, when the soils were re-acidified, the labile pool of metals increased sharply and in the case of lime and beringite, the lability of the metals was similar, at equal pH, to the untreated soil. In contrast, the lability of metals in the red mud treated soils was always smaller than that in the untreated soils across the range of pH values tested. These results suggest that the mechanism of action of lime and beringite is similar and probably related to increased metal adsorption and precipitation of metal hydroxides and carbonates at high pH. In the case of red mud, a combination of pH dependent and independent mechanisms (possibly solid-phase diffusion or migration into micropores) may be responsible for the metal fixation observed.|
|Keywords:||Aluminum Silicates; Calcium Compounds; Oxides; Cadmium; Copper; Zinc; Colloids; Soil Pollutants; Environmental Pollution; Diffusion; Adsorption; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration|
|Description:||Copyright © 2003 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
Environment Institute publications
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