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|Title:||Fish otolith chemistry influenced by exposure to multiple environmental variables|
|Citation:||Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 2004; 313(2):269-284|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Travis S. Elsdon and Bronwyn M. Gillanders|
|Abstract:||There is an increasing desire for researchers to use the elemental concentrations in fish otoliths to reconstruct environmental histories of fish. These reconstructions may be plausible due to the unique incorporation of elements into discrete layers of otolith material that correspond to daily growth, and because environmental variables of temperature, salinity, and water chemistry can influence otolith chemistry. However, it is essential to establish exactly how temperature, salinity, and the ambient concentration of elements influence otolith chemistry in order to interpret environmental histories of fish. Using a controlled laboratory experiment we tested the relative and interactive effects of temperature, salinity, and ambient concentration of strontium (Sr) and barium (Ba) on the resulting concentration of Sr and Ba in otoliths of black bream Acanthopagrus butcheri (Munro 1949). Salinity and concentration, and temperature and concentration interacted to affect the elemental concentration of Sr:Ca and Ba:Ca in otoliths. Regression analysis revealed that temperature and ambient concentration contributed most to the trend in otolith chemistry for both elements. Importantly, this is the first experiment to combine three environmental variables and assess their effect on otolith chemistry. Based on these results, it should be possible to use changes in the elemental concentration in otoliths to better reconstruct previous environments of temperature, salinity, and ambient water chemistry, which is especially useful when determining occupancy in habitats such as estuaries that display variable environmental characteristics.|
|Keywords:||Concentration; Migration; Salinity; Temperature; Strontium; Barium|
|Description:||Copyright © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
Environment Institute Leaders publications
Environment Institute publications
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