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Type: Journal article
Title: State-directed diffusion of technology: The mechanization of cotton harvesting in Soviet Central Asia
Author: Pomfret, R.
Citation: Journal of Economic History, 2002; 62(1):170-188
Publisher: Cambridge Univ Press
Issue Date: 2002
ISSN: 0022-0507
Statement of
Richard Pomfret
Abstract: When Soviet central planners began to mechanize the cotton harvest in earnest in 1958, they expected more rapid diffusion than the market-driven process that had begun in the United States a decade earlier. But despite high output of cotton-picking machines, the share of the crop harvested mechanically grew more slowly than in the United States. The factor proportions in Central Asia did not justify mechanization: although planners could enforce introduction of the new technology, investment in cotton-harvesting machines was largely a waste of resources. The costs of premature introduction are estimated at over $1 billion in 1960s prices.
Keywords: O33; N55; O13; P32; Q16; technological change in agriculture; innovation
Description: Published online by Cambridge University Press 22 May 2002
Rights: Copyright © 2002 The Economic History Association
RMID: 0020020850
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Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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