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|Title:||Differential expression of zinc efficiency during the growing season of barley|
|Citation:||Plant and Soil, 2004; 263(1-2):273-282|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publ|
|Abstract:||Considerable genetic variation exists in zinc (Zn) efficiency among cereal species and genotypes within the same species. Currently, the mechanisms of Zn efficiency are not understood well; however, the research so far suggests that overall Zn efficiency can be partitioned into uptake, utilisation and translocation or remobilisation efficiency, all or some of which collectively determine the level of Zn efficiency in a particular genotype. In a growth room study, using two barley genotypes differing in Zn efficiency (Zn-efficient Unicorn and Zn-inefficient Amagi Nijo), we attempted to determine which of these components of Zn efficiency contributed to greater Zn efficiency in Unicorn, by examining growth responses to Zn over a wide range of Zn fertilisation rates (0, 0.05, 0.2, 0.8, 3.2 and 12.8 mg Zn/kg soil) during the entire growth period. Zn-efficient Unicorn showed less severe Zn deficiency symptoms, produced more dry matter, and grain yield under Zn deficient conditions compared with Zn-inefficient Amagi Nijo. These responses also varied with the level of Zn deficiency stress and growth stage. Most importantly, the greater Zn efficiency (e.g., ability to grow well under Zn deficiency) at maturity of Unicorn was due to greater translocation of Zn from vegetative to reproductive organs or greater ability to produce higher grain yield with limited Zn rather than Zn uptake from soil which was similar in both genotypes. Zn-efficient Unicorn also had a lower critical deficiency concentration for grain (12 mg Zn/kg DW) than the Zn-inefficient Amagi Nijo (18 mg Zn/kg DW), suggesting a lower requirement for metabolic processes in Zn-efficient Unicorn. The critical deficiency concentration in the grain has the potential to diagnose Zn-deficient soils. The results also show that grain Zn concentration can be increased by Zn fertilisation, with significant increases occurring above the Zn fertilisation rate that is adequate for production of grain. However, genetic variation in grain Zn concentration should be explored and wild relatives of barley may offer potential for crop improvement for this trait.|
|Keywords:||Barley; critical zinc concentration; grain yield; grain zinc concentration; Hordeum vulgare; zinc deficiency; zinc efficiency|
|Description:||The original publication can be found at www.springerlink.com|
|Rights:||© 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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