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Type: Thesis
Title: Land, property and power: the land issue in Zimbabwe
Author: McCallum, Wayne
Issue Date: 2006
School/Discipline: School of History and Politics
Abstract: Since independence in 1980, the Zimbabwean government has confronted the 'land issue', the racialised and colonially-constructed profound inequality in landholdings that had left most of the nation's best lands in the hands of a white-settler commercial farmer minority while much of the indigenous black populace, many being subsistence farmers, was confined to largely marginal communal lands. White farmers held land as property, while black farmers held land without formal title but via direct relationship with Tribal Lands Authorities, subject to the State's ultimate ownership of the lands. Now, as the crisis of governance deepens in Zimbabwe and the power of Zanu-PF and the ruling elite seems increasingly entrenched, land redistribution has become increasingly politicised, personal and factional. Membership of Zanu-PF and access to the ruling elites of Zanu-PF and government have become the essential key in accessing land, and in the processes of land allocation which have become dominated by patron-client relationships and hierarchically-constructed relationships of mutual obligation. In this context, the idea of property as a market-based rather than politically-obligated form of land tenure no longer suits the purpose of the increasingly neo-patrimonial ruling elites. In Zimbabwe, the white farmers have been evicted and rural productivity is tenuous, especially on the former white farms. Lands are nationalised, yet still it is the broad bulk of the people who remain dispossessed as the processes of land reform are co-opted to political purposes, and as lands are co-opted by political elites.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of History and Politics, 2006
Keywords: Land reform -- Zimbabwe -- Public opinion; Zimbabwe -- Politics and government -- 1980-; Zimbabwe -- Social conditions -- 1980-; Zimbabwe -- Economic conditions -- 1980-
Description: Bibliography: leaves 368-389.
xiii, 389 leaves, [12] : map (1 col. & fold.) ; 30 cm.
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