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|Title:||Land, property and power: the land issue in Zimbabwe|
|School/Discipline:||School of History and Politics|
|Abstract:||Since independence in 1980, the Zimbabwean government has confronted the 'land issue', the racialised and colonially-constructed profound inequality in landholdings that had left most of the nation's best lands in the hands of a white-settler commercial farmer minority while much of the indigenous black populace, many being subsistence farmers, was confined to largely marginal communal lands. White farmers held land as property, while black farmers held land without formal title but via direct relationship with Tribal Lands Authorities, subject to the State's ultimate ownership of the lands. Now, as the crisis of governance deepens in Zimbabwe and the power of Zanu-PF and the ruling elite seems increasingly entrenched, land redistribution has become increasingly politicised, personal and factional. Membership of Zanu-PF and access to the ruling elites of Zanu-PF and government have become the essential key in accessing land, and in the processes of land allocation which have become dominated by patron-client relationships and hierarchically-constructed relationships of mutual obligation. In this context, the idea of property as a market-based rather than politically-obligated form of land tenure no longer suits the purpose of the increasingly neo-patrimonial ruling elites. In Zimbabwe, the white farmers have been evicted and rural productivity is tenuous, especially on the former white farms. Lands are nationalised, yet still it is the broad bulk of the people who remain dispossessed as the processes of land reform are co-opted to political purposes, and as lands are co-opted by political elites.|
|Dissertation Note:||Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of History and Politics, 2006|
|Keywords:||Land reform -- Zimbabwe -- Public opinion; Zimbabwe -- Politics and government -- 1980-; Zimbabwe -- Social conditions -- 1980-; Zimbabwe -- Economic conditions -- 1980-|
|Description:||Bibliography: leaves 368-389.|
xiii, 389 leaves,  : map (1 col. & fold.) ; 30 cm.
|Provenance:||This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exception. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available or If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Theses|
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