Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/22982
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Type: Journal article
Title: Consumer-based brand equity and country-of-origin relationships
Author: Pappu, R.
Quester, P.
Cooksey, R.
Citation: European Journal of Marketing, 2006; 40(5-6):696-717
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0309-0566
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Ravi Pappu, Pascale G. Quester, Ray W. Cooksey
Abstract: <jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-heading">Purpose</jats:title><jats:p>The objective of the present research is to examine the impact of the country of origin of a brand on its consumer‐based equity.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-heading">Design/methodology/approach</jats:title><jats:p>Brand equity was conceptualized in this paper as a combination of brand awareness, brand associations, perceived quality and attitudinal brand loyalty. A doubly multivariate design was incorporated in a structured questionnaire to collect data via mall intercepts in an Australian capital city.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-heading">Findings</jats:title><jats:p>Multivariate analysis of variance of the data indicated that consumer‐based brand equity varied according to the country of origin of the brand and product category. This impact of country of origin on brand equity occurred where consumers perceived substantive differences between the countries in terms of their product category‐country associations.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-heading">Research limitations/implications</jats:title><jats:p>An important direction for future research would be to examine how the consumer‐based equity of a brand would be affected, if the country of origin were changed from a country with weaker association with the product category to a country with strong association with the product category. The results would be useful to MNCs contemplating international manufacturing.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-heading">Practical implications</jats:title><jats:p>Marketing managers operating in the international context must identify the sources of brand equity, and understand the importance of incorporating country of origin into their brand equity measurement. Further, the results suggest that, when a brand offers a variety of product categories, brand managers should monitor and track the brand's consumer‐based equity for each product category.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title content-type="abstract-heading">Originality/value</jats:title><jats:p>The present study is one of the first to empirically examine and confirm the impact of country of origin on the consumer‐based equity of a brand.</jats:p></jats:sec>
DOI: 10.1108/03090560610657903
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