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|Title:||Mutation screening in Borjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome: identification of a novel de novo PHF6 mutation in a female patient|
Van Esch, H.
|Citation:||Journal of Medical Genetics, 2006; 43(3):238-243|
|Publisher:||British Med Journal Publ Group|
|Abstract:||Objective: To present the results of mutation screening in individuals referred for PHF6 testing and discuss the value of prior X-inactivation testing in the mothers of these individuals. Results: 25 unrelated individuals were screened (24 male, one female). Five PHF6 mutations were detected, two of which (c.940A->G and c.27_28insA) were novel. One of these new mutations, c.27_28insA, was identified in a female BFLS patient. This was shown to be a de novo mutation arising on the paternal chromosome. This is the first report of a clinically diagnosed BFLS female with a confirmed PHF6 mutation. In addition, the X-inactivation status of the mothers of 19 males with suggested clinical diagnosis of BFLS was determined. Skewed (>=70%) X-inactivation was present in five mothers, three of whom had sons in whom a PHF6 mutation was detected. The mutation positive female also showed skewing. Conclusions: The results indicate that the success of PHF6 screening in males suspected of having BFLS is markedly increased if there is a positive family history and/or skewed X-inactivation is found in the mother. Abbreviations: AR, androgen receptor; BFLS, Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann syndrome; ORF, open reading frame; XLMR, X linked mental retardation|
|Keywords:||BFLS; PHF6; mutation summary; skewed X-inactivation|
|Description:||copyright © 2006 by the BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics publications|
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