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Type: Journal article
Title: Arsenic sequestration in iron plaque, its accumulation and speciation in mature rice plants (Oryza sativa L.)
Author: Liu, W.
Zhu, Y.
Hu, Y.
Williams, P.
Gault, A.
Meharg, A.
Charnock, J.
Smith, F.
Citation: Environmental Science and Technology (Washington), 2006; 40(18):5730-5736
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 0013-936X
Statement of
W. J. Liu, Y. G. Zhu, Y. Hu, P. N. Williams, A. G. Gault, A. A. Meharg, J. M. Charnock and F. A. Smith
Abstract: A compartmented soil-glass bead culture system was used to investigate characteristics of iron plaque and arsenic accumulation and speciation in mature rice plants with different capacities of forming iron plaque on their roots. X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectra and extended X-ray absorption fine structure were utilized to identify the mineralogical characteristics of iron plaque and arsenic sequestration in plaque on the rice roots. Iron plaque was dominated by (oxyhydr)oxides, which were composed of ferrihydrite (81−100%), with a minor amount of goethite (19%) fitted in one of the samples. Sequential extraction and XANES data showed that arsenic in iron plaque was sequestered mainly with amorphous and crystalline iron (oxyhydr)oxides, and that arsenate was the predominant species. There was significant variation in iron plaque formation between genotypes, and the distribution of arsenic in different components of mature rice plants followed the following order:  iron plaque > root > straw > husk > grain for all genotypes. Arsenic accumulation in grain differed significantly among genotypes. Inorganic arsenic and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) were the main arsenic species in rice grain for six genotypes, and there were large genotypic differences in levels of DMA and inorganic arsenic in grain.
Keywords: Plant Roots
Absorptiometry, Photon
Rights: © 2006 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/es060800v
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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