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|Title:||Response of the 5' -flanking region of the human 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1a-hydroxylase gene to physiological stimuli using a transgenic mouse model|
|Citation:||Journal of Molecular Endocrinology, 2005; 34(1):237-245|
|Abstract:||The enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1-hydroxylase, or CYP27B1, is the key enzyme in the two-step activation process of vitamin D to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25D). While a number of regulators of the renal CYP27B1 enzyme activity have been recognized for some years, their underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown, and the DNA regions involved in the in vivo regulation of gene expression by these factors have not been delineated. We have generated a transgenic mouse line that expresses 1501 bp of 5' flanking region together with 44 bp of 5' untranslated region of the human CYP27B1 gene fused to the firefly luciferase reporter gene. Animals expressing the luciferase gene demonstrated that both luciferase protein and mRNA for CYP27B1 were localized to proximal convoluted tubule cells of the kidney. In 2-week-old animals, the expression of the transgene and the endogenous CYP27B1 mRNA levels in the kidney were highest and fell with increasing age. Both reporter gene expression and CYP27B1 mRNA levels were downregulated in response to increasing amounts of dietary calcium in a dose-dependent manner. Vitamin D deficiency resulted in an increase in both the reporter gene and CYP27B1 expression. Interestingly, the increase in CYP27B1 mRNA levels was substantially higher than the increase in reporter gene expression, suggesting either that there is a post-transcriptional mechanism that increases the amount of CYP27B1 mRNA or that other regulatory elements are required to maximize the effect of vitamin D deficiency. These findings demonstrate that the 1501 bp 5' flanking region of the CYP27B1 gene directs expression to the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney and is responsible for increasing transcriptional activity when dietary calcium and vitamin D levels are depleted. It also responds in the kidney to the physiological regulators of development and ageing|
|Keywords:||Kidney; Animals; Mice, Transgenic; Mice; Vitamin D Deficiency; Calcium; 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-Hydroxylase; Immunohistochemistry; Age Factors; Gene Expression Regulation; Genes, Reporter; 5' Flanking Region; Promoter Regions, Genetic|
|Description:||© 2005 Society for Endocrinology|
|Appears in Collections:||Molecular and Biomedical Science publications|
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