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|Web of Science®
|Innate immunity and its evasion and suppression by hymenopteran endoparasitoids
Theopold, Ulrich J.
|Bioessays, 2001; 23 (4):344-351
|John Wiley and Sons
|School of Agriculture, Food and Wine : Plant and Food Science
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine : Agricultural and Animal Science
|Otto Schmidt, Uli Theopold and Mike Strand
|Recent studies suggest that insects use pattern recognition molecules to distinguish prokaryotic pathogens and fungi from "self" structures. Less understood is how the innate immune system of insects recognizes endoparasitic Hymenoptera and other eukaryotic invaders as foreign. Here we discuss candidate recognition factors and the strategies used by parasitoids to overcome host defense responses. We suggest that host-parasitoid systems are important experimental models for studying how the innate immune system of insects recognizes foreign invaders that are phylogenetically more closely related to their hosts. The strategies used by parasitoids suggest that insects may employ "hidden-self" recognition molecules for attacking foreign objects intruding the open circulatory system.
|The definitive version may be found at www.interscience.wiley.com
|Appears in Collections:
|Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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