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Type: Book chapter
Title: Bone Biology
Author: Ng, K.
Romas, E.
Donnan, L.
Findlay, D.
Citation: Metabolic Bone Disease, 1997, vol.11, pp.1-22
Publisher: WB Saunders Company
Issue Date: 1997
Abstract: Bone is a metabolically active and highly organized tissue consisting of a mineral phase of hydroxyapatite and amorphous calcium phosphate crystals deposited in an organic matrix. Bone has two main functions. It forms a rigid skeleton and has a central role in calcium and phosphate homeostasis. Bone modelling is the process associated with growth and re-shaping of bones in childhood and adolescence. This is distinguished from bone remodelling, which describes the lifelong process whereby skeletal tissue is continually being resorbed and replaced in order to maintain skeletal integrity, shape and mass. Bone remodelling is controlled by systemic hormones and cytokines and is an integral part of the calcium homeostatic system. The maintenance of a normal, healthy skeletal mass depends on interactions between osteoblasts, osteoclasts and constituents of the bone matrix to keep the process of bone resorption and formation in balance. The factors, local and systemic, which regulate these processes are discussed.
Keywords: Bone and Bones
Bone Remodeling
DOI: 10.1016/S0950-351X(97)80473-9
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Orthopaedics and Trauma publications

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