Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/3311
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Type: Journal article
Title: The influence of interpersonal competence on personal vulnerability of persons with mental retardation
Author: Nettelbeck, T.
Wilson, C.
Potter, R.
Perry, C.
Citation: Journal of Interpersonal Violence: concerned with the study and treatment of victims and perpetrators of physical and sexual violence, 2000; 15(1):46-62
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Issue Date: 2000
ISSN: 0886-2605
1552-6518
Abstract: <jats:p> Four factors in Sparks's model of victim proneness were tested among 31 persons with mental retardation who were victims of a personal offense and 32 nonvictims with mental retardation. Factors were operationalized in terms of measures of anger, antisocial tendencies, eccentricities and odd mannerisms, interpersonal competence, recreational outings, and communication skills. Forty participants also responded to hypothetical scenarios depicting everyday situations commonly encountered. Results showed that victims were significantly more likely than nonvictims to report a hostile outlook and that they would display overt anger and aggression in a wide range of situations. Victims' responses to hypothetical scenarios were more likely to be confrontative or abusive to an initial approach by the perpetrator, whereas nonvictims were more likely to withdraw quietly. These indices of poorer interpersonal competence were independent from IQ and adaptive behavior. </jats:p>
DOI: 10.1177/088626000015001004
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Psychology publications

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