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|Title:||Effects of Postidentification Feedback on Eyewitness Identification and Nonidentification Confidence|
|Citation:||Journal of Applied Psychology, 2004; 89(2):334-346|
|Publisher:||Amer Psychological Assoc|
|Carolyn Semmler, Neil Brewer and Gary L. Wells|
|Abstract:||Two experiments investigated new dimensions of the effect of confirming feedback on eyewitness identification confidence using target-absent and target-present lineups and (previously unused) unbiased witness instructions (i.e., "offender not present" option highlighted). In Experiment 1, participants viewed a crime video and were later asked to try to identify the thief from an 8-person target-absent photo array. Feedback inflated witness confidence for both mistaken identifications and correct lineup rejections. With target-present lineups in Experiment 2, feedback inflated confidence for correct and mistaken identifications and lineup rejections. Although feedback had no influence on the confidence-accuracy correlation, it produced clear overconfidence. Confidence inflation varied with the confidence measure reference point (i.e., retrospective vs. current confidence) and identification response latency.|
|Keywords:||Postidentification feedback; eyewitness confidence; witness instructions; confirming feedback; target-absent photos; target-present lineup; response latency; confidence-accuracy correlation; inflation|
|Description:||This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology publications|
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